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Mrs. Fletcher

U.S. History

Chapter 4

Westward Expansion


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Test (Vocab)- 10/17/2017

Test (Notes)- 10/25/2017



Vocab

  1. Vigilante- People who take the law into their own hands.

  2. Subsidy-  Grant of money from the government to a person or a company for an action intended to benefit the public.

  3. Transcontinental- Extending across a continent.

  4. Time Zone- A geographical region within which the standard of time is used.

  5. Long Drive- The herding of cattle for 1,000 miles or more to meet the railroad.

  6. Sodbuster- A name given to the Plains farmer.

  7. Vacquero- Hispanic ranch hand, Spanish for cowboy.

  8. Dry Farming- A way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in the ground where there is some moisture.

  9. Homestead- To acquire a piece of U.S. public land by living on and cultivating it.

  10. Nomadic- Moving from place to place with no permanent home.

  11. Reservation- An area of public lands set aside for Native Americans.

  12. Ensure- To make certain.

  13. National Grange-The first farmers’ organization in the United States.

  14. Cooperative- store where farmers bought products from each other; an enterprise owned and operated by those who use its services.

  15. Currency- Metal Coins and paper notes used as money.

  16. Assimilation-Adopting another culture.

     

    17. Vast-of very great extent or quantity;  an immense space.

    Huge, broad, wide

     





THE MINING BOOMS

  • Miners found ____gold____ in the ____West__ leading to the creation of ______new states

  • Many ___boom towns___ became ___ghost towns___ because ore was gone and people left the towns.

RAILROADS & THE ECONOMY

  • ____Steam locomotives____ were ____faster____, more ___reliable___, and did not depend on ____animals____ for power.

  • Brought ___workers___ West.

  • They brought ____raw materials____ East and ___manufactured goods____ West.

  • Industries involved in ___railroad building___ boomed, and ____towns____ sprang up along rail lines, some eventually growing into ____large cities____.

  • The _____Transcontinental Railway_____ was completed in 1869.

  • The ____American Railway Association____ divided the country into _______four time zones_______.

RANCHERS & FARMERS

  • ___Ranchers___ herded their cattle to ____railroad towns____ and shipped them to new markets in the ____North & East____.

REASONS FOR WESTWARD EXPANSION

  • Opportunities for _______land ownership_______.

  • Possibility of obtaining _____wealth______ created by the discovery of ______gold and silver______.

  • ___Technological____ advances, including the ____Transcontinental Railroad____.

  • ___Adventure________

  • Desire for a ______new beginning______ for ______former slaves_______.

GREAT PLAINS

  • A ____vast area_____ to be settled.

  • ___Flatlands____ that rise gradually from _____east to west_____.

  • Land eroded by _____wind and water______.

  • ___Low rainfall___________________

  • ___Frequent dust storms_____________

  • Plains farmers were known as ______sodbusters______.

WESTWARD EXPANSION

Inventions/Adaptations

  • _______Barbed Wire__________________________________

  • _______Steel Plows___________________________________

  • _______Dry Farming__________________________________

  • _______Sod Houses___________________________________

  • _______Beef Cattle Raising_____________________________

  • _______Wheat Farming________________________________

  • _______Windmills____________________________________

  • _______Railroads_____________________________________

HOMESTEAD ACT

  • A law that gave up to _____160 acres of land_____ to a settler who paid a $10 filing fee and lived on the land for 5 years.

NATIVE AMERICAN STRUGGLES

  • Forced _____relocation_____ from traditional lands to ____reservations____.

  • Reduced ____population_____ through ____warfare and disease_____.

  • Reduction of _____buffalo populations______.

IMPORTANT NATIVE AMERICANS

  • ____Crazy Horse- Sioux Military Leader_________

  • ____Sitting Bull- Important Leader of the Lakota Sioux______

  • ____Geronimo - Apache Leader________________

 
   
   

 

  • Cooperatives- A ____store_____ where farmers bought products from each other: an ____enterprise_____ owned by those who use its service.

  • The ______Populist Party______ focused on issues that concerned the common people.