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Mrs. Fletcher

U.S. History

Chapter 6

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Click on classes and Ridgeview U.S. History II

Extra Credit for the second 9 week grading period Due by Dec. 19th

Build a model of one of the following:   Tepee
                                                                    Sod House
                                                                    Boomtown/ghostown (no ghosts)

Test (Vocab)- 12/8/2017

Test (Notes)-  12/8/2017 (openbook)



    Section 1

    Emigrate- To leave one’s place of residence or country to live somewhere else

    Sweatshop- A shop or factory where workers work long hours at low wages under unhealthy conditions.

    Ethnic Group- A minority that speaks a different language or follows different customs than a majority of people in a country

    Steerage- Cramped quarters on a ship’s lower decks for passengers paying the lowest fares

    Assimilate- to absorb a group into the culture of a larger population


    Section 2

    Affect- To influence; have an impact on

    Tenement- A building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety

    Slum- poor, crowded, and run-down urban neighborhoods.

    Suburbs- residential areas that sprang up close to or surrounding cities as a result of improvements in transportation.

    Settlement House- institution located in a poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical care, child care, libraries, and classes in English

    Hull House- settlement house founded by Jane Addams in Chicago in 1889

    Skyscraper- A very tall building


    Section 3

    Land Grant College- originally, an agricultural college established as a result of the 1862 Morrill Act that gave states large amounts of federal land that could be sold to raise money for education

    Realism- An approach to literature and the arts that shows things as they really are.

    Regionalism- Art or literature focused on a particular region of the country

    Yellow Journalism- Writing which exaggerates sensational, dramatic, and gruesome events to attract readers, named for stories that were popular during the late 1800s

    Spectator Sport-Sporting event that draws a crowd

    Vaudeville- Stage entertainment made up of various acts, such as dancing, singing, comedy, and magic shows

    Jazz- American music developed from ragtime and blues with African rhythms

    Ragtime-A type of music with a strong rhythm and a lively melody with accented notes, which was popular in early 1900s




·         Many __immigrants___ began to arrive in the late 1800’s, seeking ____opportunities____ in the United States.

·         The immigrants were pushed away from their ____homelands___ by ____difficult conditions____.

·         Many people ____emigrated____, or ____left their homelands____ due to economic troubles.

·         These people were pulled to the ____United States_____ by ____new opportunities____.

·         Immigrants could only afford the ____cheapest____ tickets and had to travel in steerage or cramped quarters ____below deck_____.

·         Most immigrants landed in _____New York City_____.

·         They were greeted by the sight of the _____Statue of Liberty_____. This became a symbol of ____freedom____.

·         Upon arrival, immigrants had to go through a _____registration_____ process.



                                                            Processing Center

·      __Name__: sometimes examiners shortened or misspelled the name

·      ___Where they came from_________

·      ___Occupation__________________

·      ___If they had relatives in the U.S.___


·         Immigrants also went through a _____health examination______.

·         An immigrant’s greatest challenge was ____finding work____.

·         In their new homes, immigrants wanted to ______preserve their cultures______.


Immigration Laws


Chinese Exclusion Act

Prohibited Chinese workers from entering the United States.


“Gentleman’s Agreement”

Limited the number of Japanese immigrants.


Immigration Act of 1917

Required the immigrants to be literate.




·         Immigrants and others flooded to the cities, where extremes of ___wealth___ and ___poverty___ existed.

·         Immigrants played a big part in the _____growth of cities_____.

·         The poorest residents of a city lived in ____tenements____.

·         Tenements were _____apartment buildings______ in poor run-down ___urban___ neighborhoods.

·         These living conditions allowed ____diseases____ to ____spread quickly____.


·         This time period became known as the _____Gilded Age_____.

o   Because of the ____extravagant wealth____ and the terrible ____poverty____ that lay beneath it.

·         Growing cities suffered from ___health___ and _____sanitation____ problems.

·         ____Public Health Clinics____ were established.

·         New York City Schools began to ___screen___ children for ___contagious diseases____.

·         Social reformers established _____settlement houses_____.

·         One of the most famous settlement houses was the ____Hull House____ in ___Chicago___, which was founded by ____Jane Addams____ in 1889.

·         Because of the limited space, ____architects____ decided to build __up__ rather than __out__.


·         In 1884, ___William LeBaron Jenny___ constructed the first ___skyscraper____.

·         ____Louis Sullivan_____ was the first to design skyscrapers.



·         ____Educational_____ opportunities were extended to many more Americans as the system of ____public schools____ and ___colleges___ expanded.

·         The 1862, the ____Morill Act____ gave states ___federal land___ that could be sold to raise money for education.

·         These funds started schools called _____land-grant colleges_____.




Booker T. Washington

Founded the Tuskegee Institute


Edith Wharton

-Write about the Upper Class

-Won the Pulitzer Prize


Paul Laurence Dunbar

First African American poet to receive national acclaim.



·         Many writers of the era explored new ____themes_____ and ____subjects____.

·         ___Realism___ - sought to describe the lives of people.

·         ___Regionalism____ - writing that focused on a particular region of the country.


·         In 1838, ____Joseph Pulitzer____ created a new kind of newspaper.

·         The sensational writing style became known as _____yellow journalism_____.

·         The newspaper contained ___Illustrations____, ____cartoons____, and _____exaggerated stories_____ under huge headlines.


·         American culture moved away from ____European____ influence and became distinctively ____American____.

·         ____Baseball____ became the most popular spectator sport.

·         ____Vaudeville____ shows were ___variety___ shows with dancing, singing, comedy, and magic arts.


·         ___Jazz___ - In the late 1800’s a new type of music was created by ___African Americans___.

·         Elements that make up Jazz Music

o   _____Work Songs______

o   _____Gospel Music_____

o   _____Spirituals_________

o   _____African American Rhythms____


Related to Jazz was _____ragtime music_____.